High GI foods
(On the scale high GI foods are between 70 and 100, and their regular consumption causes various severe health problems. It is highly recommended to avoid these foods)
- One slice of regular white bread – 70
- 2 cups of popcorn – 72
- One doughnut (glazed) – 76
- One rice cake – 78
- One mid-sized baked potato – 85
- One serving of corn flakes – 92
- 50 grams of glucose – 100
Treatment of hyperglycemia requires elimination of the underlying cause, such as diabetes. Acute hyperglycemia can be treated by direct administration of insulin in most cases. Severe hyperglycemia can be treated with oral hypoglycemic therapy and lifestyle modification.
In diabetes mellitus (by far the most common cause of chronic hyperglycemia), treatment aims at maintaining blood glucose at a level as close to normal as possible, in order to avoid these serious long-term complications. This is done by a combination of proper diet, regular exercise, and insulin or other medication such as metformin, etc.